On the surface, it’s a pretty easy job: find a painting with a starry sky.
But in reality, it can be a tricky matter.
A recent paper published in the journal The Journal of the American Painting Society provides an insight into how these elusive stars can be detected in the first place.
A paper on the topic by researchers at the University of Texas at Austin, the University at Buffalo, and the College of Charleston has identified the colors and the colors of more than 150 stars in the paintings of the famed artist Francis Bacon.
While many of the stars in Bacon’s famous Starry Night series are reds and yellows, other colors, including blues, yellows and greens, can be spotted in some paintings, including one of the painter’s earliest masterpieces, “The Virgin Mary.”
The paper, “A color-specific study of Bacon’s starry nights and the color spectrum of their starry skies,” by University of Buffalo graduate student David P. Johnson, is the first to use color spectra to identify the colors, and it’s also the first study to identify a specific color in each painting.
“The colors in the starry paintings were so varied and varied that we had to go into this field using color spectroscopy,” said Johnson, an assistant professor of communication at UT Austin.
“To identify the exact color of each starry light source in each star, we used a color-imaging technique that can detect the wavelengths of a single spectral color.
The spectroscopic data we collected from the star, as well as other observations, allowed us to identify colors for all of the paintings.”
“In the field of color science, we know that starry lights can have many different wavelengths, and so this work provides a useful way to study these colors,” said David E. P. Zielinski, a doctoral student at UT-Austin.
The study is the latest effort to address the complex problem of identifying starry stars in paintings by Bacon, who died in 1790.
“Starry Night paintings were among Bacon’s most important works and have remained a valuable source of information about the artist,” said lead author and UT-TEX faculty member James B. Miller.
“As the world became more aware of Bacon and his work, many artists sought to identify and document these stars.
We believe this research helps to explain how Bacon’s work was created and the reasons for its popularity.”
“Bacon is known for his paintings that are extremely detailed and rich in color,” said Zielinsky.
“In particular, his Starry Nights series was among the most popular of the late 19th century, and many paintings of his have remained iconic over the decades.
As we look back at the artist’s work, we find many of his paintings with stars in them that are quite beautiful.”
The study involved using a combination of spectral color and spectroscomic data from the painting’s light source to determine which colors were present in each image.
This type of research is called color spectrometry, and Zielinksky’s team used a technique called color-based colorimetry.
This is a type of statistical analysis where you take a sample of colors, analyze them, and then use a computer program to find the colors that were present.
The team used the software in their study to look at all of Bacon, as many as 300 of his works, and compare their spectra.
They found that Bacon’s paintings have a variety of colors in them, from a variety that is relatively simple to a range that is quite complicated.
The scientists found that most of the colors in Bacon were blue, yellowness and green.
Blue is the dominant color, and yellownness is the most common of Bacon stars.
Yellow, for instance, was the most commonly found in Bacon paintings.
A range of colors was also seen in Bacon stars: orange, purple, and purple-green.
“There are several reasons why Bacon’s stars are so popular,” said P.J. Pimentel, an associate professor of history and the department of painting at the College at Charleston and co-author of the paper.
“First, Bacon is a master of painting in which the viewer is expected to observe and judge each color individually.”
The second reason is that Bacon paints in such a large range of different colors.
The third reason is Bacon’s emphasis on detail.
“This painting is not just a series of portraits,” said Miller.
Bacon’s “The Woman and the Starry Sky” is considered to be one of his most influential works.
The painting depicts a woman seated in a throne, with her back to the viewer, wearing a crown and wearing a veil.
The image is taken from the 1842 painting “The Queen of the Stars,” and depicts the Virgin Mary standing in a window with her eyes shut.
The colors of the painting are white, red, and yellow.
Pimental was one of Bacon´s favorite paintings,